If you are looking for how to start a vegetable garden from scratch, you must be definitely ready to leap into organic gardening. Our vegetable gardening guide for beginners will allow you to plan and grow organic vegetables in your own backyard. Discover how much food you want to grow to nourish a household, easy to grow veggies for a novice, and more tips.
Would you like to grow one hundred pounds of berries from only 100 square feet? Delicious veggies in just a 15-by-20-foot plot? Believe it or not, it is not impossible to develop your own vegetable garden with such high returns. All you need is some patience and innovative strategies to get the most out of your backyard. Follow these tips and tips to build the vegetable garden that you have been dreaming about and reap the benefits organic gardeners have been reaping.
Why backyard, you inquire? If you have never tasted garden-fresh veggies, which lots of folks have not! You’ll be astounded by the sweet, succulent flavors and vibrant textures they have to offer. Ask organic gardeners, and they will admit, there is absolutely nothing like fresh veggies, especially if you grow them yourself, which you too can!
This article will highlight the fundamentals of vegetable gardening and preparation: how to select the ideal spot in your backyard, creating the right size garden, and the best way to pick which veggies to grow. So lets get started with how to start a vegetable garden from scratch.
Develop a sensible plan
The first step to developing a healthy backyard vegetable garden is marking precisely where you want to build it. Think about your garden’s dimensions, shape, and place to work out the very best set up for you. Remember, it can always be altered in the future if needed. If you know any organic gardeners, you can take their help as well.
Pick the ideal location
Selecting a fantastic place for your garden is crucial. A sub-par place could lead to low quality of veggies! Here are a couple of tips to choose a fantastic spot.
Pick a sunny location for your vegetable garden since only a few vegetables can tolerate some shade. Suppose you have got the problem of poorly drained soil, plant vegetables in a raised bed. In case you’ve got rocky soil, till and eliminate the stones. Raised beds can also help eliminate the problem of rocky soil.
Pick a secure spot for your vegetable garden. Avoid places that receive strong winds. These winds are capable of knocking over your young crops and can stop pollinators from doing their job. Do not pick a place that receives a lot of foot traffic or one that floods easily.
Start with a small garden
It is best to start small. It is far better to be a proud owner of a small vegetable garden than being defeated with a major one! You can scale your garden once you have gained the experience and understand the nuances of maintaining a vegetable garden. Most organic gardeners started small before establishing a full scale organic vegetable garden.
Among the most typical mistakes that beginners make is planting too much too soon, often far more than anyone could ever consume or desire! If you don’t want to stack up veggies you don’t like in your refrigerator, plan your backyard vegetable garden with care. Start small, and increase what you know you will eat.
Here are a few tips to get going with a decent-sized beginner vegetable garden for a household of four.
Make your backyard 11 rows broad, with every row 10 ft. The rows must run north and south to take full benefit of the abundant sunlight. Make sure you have avenues that permit you to get your plants to harvest and weed them. The rule of thumb is: do not let over four feet of crops with no access to them. Ensure you can get to the middle of the bed or row with ease.
Soil preparation to start your vegetable garden
Expert organic gardeners agree that building up the garden soil is the most significant element in doubling your vegetable garden returns. A profound, organically rich soil promotes healthy, broad roots capable of reaching more water and nutrients—the effect: extra-lush, extra-productive expansion above the ground.
How to turn the soil
Use your spade or alternative tool to dig into the garden soil, ensuring that it goes well past the compost layer and into the soil itself. Flip over the spade so that the dirt and the mulch are blended together. Do this around the whole garden. Use the spade to break up unusually large clumps of compacted soil. The entire process might take several passes. Before your next pass over the backyard, apply compost as necessary. Try to attain a reasonably even mix of soil and compost, one that is loose enough to let in water and air while still having a structure into which roots can anchor. Use a rake or other garden tool to move the garden soil into an even layer.
Consider building raised beds
The quickest way to have that surface of fertile garden soil is to build raised beds. Raised bed returns are around four times greater than the identical quantity of space planted in rows. By using less room for avenues, you’ve got more space to grow crops.
Raised beds also save you plenty of time. Plants develop close to each other to crowd out competing weeds. Hence, you spend less time on weeding. The close spacing also makes pruning and watering more efficient.
Worm Castings is all the natural fertilizer you need
Worm castings, a.k.a. worm poop is a natural fertilizer that could stimulate plant growth. It also helps the garden soil retain water. Worm castings can help break up clumps of dirt. If you do not see lots of earthworms in your soil, be generous with all the castings. The local garden shop can advise you on how much you can add to your soil.
Use high-quality seeds
A couple added pennies spent for good quality seeds would probably pay off in greater yields during harvest time. In case you are someone who likes to plan ahead, purchase your seeds from the nursery. It will turn out to be more economical and could deliver higher-quality rather than buying it online.
How to pick your crops
While starting a vegetable garden from scratch, think about the availability of veggies in your supermarket. Perhaps you wish to grow tomatoes rather than beets or carrots that are readily available. Additionally, certain vegetables are superior when home-grown. It is almost a shame not to consider tomatoes, herbs and lettuce!. Most importantly, home-grown herbs will cost you less money than the ones bought from the grocery store.
Pick everything you and your family and friends would like to consume. That is to say, if nobody enjoys Zucchini, then do not plant them! Be realistic about the number of veggies your family will consume. Be mindful not to overplant. (Of course, you can always give away the extras.)
If you have no idea where to get started, here are some of the relatively simple to grow and productive vegetables to start your garden with.
- Zucchini squash
- Bush beans
Use companion planting to help your garden thrive
The key to a beautiful backyard vegetable garden is companion planting! Companion planting not only takes nutrient uptake into account but also takes into consideration crop protection, pest control, and favorable hosting (aka. increasing the population of beneficial insects, which will help control the population of pests that will harm your crop).
Let’s take the example of tomatoes. As a fruiting plant, tomatoes are a little bit sensitive when it comes to companion planting. However, they mostly benefit from asparagus, basil, beans, borage, celery, carrots, chives, collards, garlic, lettuce, marigold, mint, nasturtium, onion, peppers, and parsley. Don’t plant next to dill, brassicas, corn, or kohlrabi. Tomatoes are not the best of friends with cucumbers either, since they require lots of nutrition from the soil.
If you want more information on companion plants and their combinations, you can read up more here.
Bonus tip while starting a vegetable garden from scratch
When starting a vegetable garden from scratch, to get the best yield from every bed, look closely at the way you organize your crops. Ensure you do not densely pack your vegetable garden. Some vegetables will not grow to their optimum when planted in a crowded garden. Above all, extreme tight spacing may also stress crops, which makes them more vulnerable to pests and diseases. The best idea would be to try scaling plants to take advantage of space.
If you have a small garden, you should consider going vertical. Vining crops like beans, tomatoes, peas, squash, and melons can be grown straight up and supported by cages or a fence. Likewise, you could also tie them up straight with a twine.